IOS开发笔记

   1 iphone开发笔记
   2
   3 退回输入键盘
   4   - (BOOL) textFieldShouldReturn:(id)textField{
   5     [textField  resignFirstResponder];
   6 }
   7
   8 CGRect
   9 CGRect frame = CGRectMake (origin.x, origin.y, size.width, size.height);矩形
  10 NSStringFromCGRect(someCG) 把CGRect结构转变为格式化字符串;
  11 CGRectFromString(aString) 由字符串恢复出矩形;
  12 CGRectInset(aRect) 创建较小或较大的矩形(中心点相同),+较小  -较大
  13 CGRectIntersectsRect(rect1, rect2) 判断两矩形是否交叉,是否重叠
  14 CGRectZero 高度和宽度为零的/位于(0,0)的矩形常量
  15
  16 CGPoint & CGSize
  17 CGPoint aPoint = CGPointMake(x, y);
  18 CGSize aSize = CGSizeMake(width, height);
  19
  20 设置透明度
  21 [myView setAlpha:value];   (0.0 < value < 1.0)
  22
  23 设置背景色
  24 [myView setBackgroundColor:[UIColor redColor]];
  25  (blackColor;darkGrayColor;lightGrayColor;
  26 whiteColor;grayColor; redColor; greenColor;
  27 blueColor; cyanColor;yellowColor;
  28 magentaColor;orangeColor;purpleColor;
  29 brownColor; clearColor; )
  30
  31 自定义颜色
  32 UIColor *newColor = [[UIColor alloc]
  33  initWithRed:(float) green:(float) blue:(float) alpha:(float)];
  34      0.0~1.0
  35
  36 竖屏
  37 320X480
  38
  39 横屏
  40 480X320
  41
  42 状态栏高 (显示时间和网络状态)
  43 20 像素
  44
  45 导航栏、工具栏高(返回)
  46 44像素
  47
  48 隐藏状态栏
  49 [[UIApplication shareApplication] setStatusBarHidden: YES animated:NO]
  50
  51 横屏
  52 [[UIApplication shareApplication]
  53 setStatusBarOrientation:UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeRight].
  54
  55 屏幕变动检测
  56 orientation == UIInterfaceOrientationLandscapeLeft
  57
  58 全屏
  59 window=[[UIWindow alloc] initWithFrame:[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds];
  60
  61 自动适应父视图大小:
  62 aView.autoresizingSubviews = YES;
  63 aView.autoresizingMask = (UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleWidth |
  64                        UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight);
  65
  66  定义按钮
  67 UIButton *scaleUpButton = [UIButton buttonWithType:UIButtonTypeRoundedRect];
  68 [scaleUpButton setTitle:@"放 大" forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  69 scaleUpButton.frame = CGRectMake(40, 420, 100, 40);
  70 [scaleUpButton addTarget:self
  71  action:@selector(scaleUp)
  72 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
  73
  74 设置视图背景图片
  75 UIImageView *aView;
  76 [aView setImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@”name.png”]];
  77 view1.backgroundColor = [UIColor colorWithPatternImage:
  78 [UIImage imageNamed:@"image1.png"]];
  79
  80 自定义UISlider的样式和滑块
  81
  82 我们使用的是UISlider的setMinimumTrackImage,和setMaximumTrackImage方法来定义图片的,这两个方法可以设置滑块左边和右边的图片的,不过如果用的是同一张图片且宽度和控件宽度基本一致,就不会有变形拉伸的后果,先看代码,写在 viewDidLoad中:
  83     //左右轨的图片
  84     UIImage *stetchLeftTrack= [UIImage imageNamed:@"brightness_bar.png"];
  85     UIImage *stetchRightTrack = [UIImage imageNamed:@"brightness_bar.png"];
  86     //滑块图片
  87     UIImage *thumbImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"mark.png"];
  88
  89     UISlider *sliderA=[[UISlider alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(30, 320, 257, 7)];
  90     sliderA.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];
  91     sliderA.value=1.0;
  92     sliderA.minimumValue=0.7;
  93     sliderA.maximumValue=1.0;
  94
  95     [sliderA setMinimumTrackImage:stetchLeftTrack forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  96     [sliderA setMaximumTrackImage:stetchRightTrack forState:UIControlStateNormal];
  97     //注意这里要加UIControlStateHightlighted的状态,否则当拖动滑块时滑块将变成原生的控件
  98     [sliderA setThumbImage:thumbImage forState:UIControlStateHighlighted];
  99     [sliderA setThumbImage:thumbImage forState:UIControlStateNormal];
 100     //滑块拖动时的事件
 101     [sliderA addTarget:self action:@selector(sliderValueChanged:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventValueChanged];
 102     //滑动拖动后的事件
 103     [sliderA addTarget:self action:@selector(sliderDragUp:) forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
 104
 105     [self.view addSubview:sliderA];
 106
 107 为了大家实验方便,我附上背景图brightness_bar.png和滑块图mark.png
 108 http://pic002.cnblogs.com/images/2011/162291/2011121611431816.png
 109 http://pic002.cnblogs.com/images/2011/162291/2011121611432897.png
 110
 111  -(IBAction)sliderValueChanged:(id)sender{
 112 UISlider *slider = (UISlider *) sender;
 113 NSString *newText = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@”%d”, (int)(slider.value + 0.5f)];
 114 label.text = newText;
 115 }
 116
 117 活动表单
 118 <UIActionSheetDelegate>
 119
 120  - (IBActive) someButtonPressed:(id) sender
 121 {
 122     UIActionSheet *actionSheet = [[UIActionSheet alloc]
 123                     initWithTitle:@”Are you sure?”
 124                     delegate:self
 125                     cancelButtonTitle:@”No way!”
 126                     destructiveButtonTitle:@”Yes, I’m Sure!”
 127                     otherButtonTitles:nil];
 128     [actionSheet showInView:self.view];
 129     [actionSheet release];
 130 }
 131
 132 警告视图
 133  <UIAlertViewDelegate>
 134
 135  - (void) actionSheet:(UIActionSheet *)actionSheet didDismissWithButtonIndex:(NSInteger) buttonIndex
 136 {
 137      if(buttonIndex != [actionSheet cancelButtonIndex])
 138      {
 139           NSString *message = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@”You can
 140                    breathe easy, everything went OK.”];
 141           UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc]
 142                                initWithTitle:@”Something was done”
 143                                 message:message
 144                                 delegate:self
 145                                 cancelButtonTitle:@”OK”
 146                                 otherButtonTitles:nil];
 147           [alert show];
 148           [alert release];
 149           [message release];
 150      }
 151 }
 152
 153 动画效果
 154 -(void)doChange:(id)sender
 155 {
 156 if(view2 == nil)
 157 {
 158 [self loadSec];
 159 }
 160 [UIView beginAnimations:nil context:NULL];
 161 [UIView setAnimationDuration:1];
 162 [UIView setAnimationTransition:([view1 superview]?UIViewAnimationTransitionFlipFromLeft:UIViewAnimationTransitionFlipFromRight)forView:self.view cache:YES];
 163
 164     if([view1 superview]!= nil)
 165 {
 166 [view1 removeFromSuperview];
 167 [self.view addSubview:view2];
 168
 169 }else {
 170
 171 [view2 removeFromSuperview];
 172 [self.view addSubview:view1];
 173 }
 174 [UIView commitAnimations];
 175 }
 176
 177 Table View   <UITableViewDateSource>
 178 #pragma mark -
 179 #pragma mark Table View Data Source Methods
 180 //指定分区中的行数,默认为1
 181 - (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView
 182  numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section
 183 {
 184 return [self.listData count];
 185 }
 186
 187 //设置每一行cell显示的内容
 188 - (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView
 189 cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
 190 {
 191 static NSString *SimpleTableIndentifier = @"SimpleTableIndentifier";
 192 UITableViewCell *cell = [tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:SimpleTableIndentifier];
 193 if (cell == nil) {
 194 cell = [[[UITableViewCell alloc]
 195 initWithStyle:UITableViewCellStyleSubtitle
 196 reuseIdentifier:SimpleTableIndentifier]
 197 autorelease];
 198 }
 199      UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed:@"13.gif"];
 200 cell.imageView.image = image;
 201
 202 NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];
 203 cell.textLabel.text = [listData objectAtIndex:row];
 204      cell.textLabel.font = [UIFont boldSystemFontOfSize:20];
 205
 206      if(row < 5)
 207 cell.detailTextLabel.text = @"Best friends";
 208 else
 209     cell.detailTextLabel.text = @"friends";
 210 return cell;
 211 }
 212
 213 图像、文本标签和详细文本标签
 214
 215 图像:如果设置图像,则它显示在文本的左侧; 文本标签:这是单元的主要文本(UITableViewCellStyleDefault 只显示文本标签);详细文本标签:这是单元的辅助文本,通常用作解释性说明或标签
 216
 217 UITableViewCellStyleSubtitle
 218 UITableViewCellStyleDefault
 219 UITableViewCellStyleValue1
 220 UITableViewCellStyleValue2
 221
 222 <UITableViewDelegate>
 223 #pragma mark -
 224 #pragma mark Table View Delegate Methods
 225 //把每一行缩进级别设置为其行号
 226 - (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView indentationLevelForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
 227 {
 228 NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];
 229 return row;
 230 }
 231 //获取传递过来的indexPath值
 232 - (NSIndexPath *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView willSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
 233 {
 234 NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];
 235 if (row == 0)
 236 return nil;
 237 return indexPath;
 238 }
 239
 240 - (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
 241 {
 242 NSUInteger row = [indexPath row];
 243 NSString *rowValue = [listData objectAtIndex:row];
 244 NSString *message = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@"You selected %@",rowValue];
 245 UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"Row Selected"
 246 message:message
 247     delegate:nil
 248   cancelButtonTitle:@"Yes, I did!"
 249   otherButtonTitles:nil];
 250 [alert show];
 251 [alert release];
 252 [message release];
 253 [tableView deselectRowAtIndexPath:indexPath animated:YES];
 254 }
 255
 256 //设置行的高度
 257 - (CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
 258 {
 259 return 40;
 260 }
 261
 262 NavigationController 推出push 推出pop
 263 [self.navigationController pushViewController:_detailController animated:YES];
 264 [self.navigationController popViewControllerAnimated:YES];
 265
 266 Debug:
 267 NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__, __LINE__);
 268
 269 点击textField外的地方回收键盘
 270
 271 先定义一个UIControl类型的对象,在上面可以添加触发事件,令SEL实践为回收键盘的方法,最后将UIControl的实例加到当前View上。
 272 UIControl *m_control = [[UIControl alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];
 273 [m_control addTarget:self action:@selector(keyboardReturn)
 274 forControlEvents:UIControlEventTouchUpInside];
 275 [self.view addSubview:m_control];
 276
 277 - (void) keyboardReturn
 278 {
 279 [aTextField resignFirstResponder];
 280 }
 281
 282 键盘覆盖输入框
 283 当键盘调出时将输入框覆盖时,可以用下方法:
 284 - (BOOL)textFieldShouldBeginEditing:(UITextField *)textField
 285 {
 286 [self.view setFrame:CGRectMake(0, -100, 320, 480) ];
 287 return YES;
 288 }
 289 - (BOOL)textFieldShouldEndEditing:(UITextField *)textField
 290 {
 291   [self.view setFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];
 292     return YES;
 293 }
 294 当准备输入时,将视图的位置上调100,这样键盘就不能覆盖到输入框。
 295
 296 当依赖注入方法不好使时,可以在AppDelegate内申明一个全局的控制器实例_anotherViewController,在另一个需要使用_anotherViewController的地方定义以下委托方法,使用共享的UIApplication实例来获取该委托的引用
 297 SomeAppDelegate *appDelegate = (SomeAppDelegate *)[[UIApplication sharedApplication] delegate];
 298 _anotherViewController = appDelegate._anotherViewController;
 299
 300 UIViewController内建Table View
 301
 302 纯代码在UIViewController控制器内建Table View
 303 @interface RootViewController : UIViewController <UITableViewDelegate, UITableViewDataSource> {
 304 NSArray *timeZoneNames;
 305 }
 306 @property (nonatomic,retain) NSArray *timeZoneNames;
 307 @end
 308
 309 (void) loadView
 310 {
 311 UITableView *tableView = [[UITableView alloc] initWithFrame:[[UIScreen mainScreen] applicationFrame]] style: UITableViewStylePlain];
 312 tableView.autoresizingMask = (UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight | UIViewAutoresizingWidth);
 313 tableView.delegate = self;
 314 tableView.dataSource = self;
 315 [tableView reloadData];
 316
 317 self.view = tableView;
 318 [tableView release];
 319 }
 320
 321
 322 将plist文件中的数据赋给数组
 323 NSString *thePath = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"States" ofType:@"plist"];
 324 NSArray *array = [NSArray arrayWithContentsOfFile:thePath];
 325
 326 UITouch
 327 手指的触摸范围:64X64
 328
 329 #pragma mark -
 330 #pragma mark Touch Events
 331
 332 - (void)touchesBegan:(NSSet *) touches withEvent:(UIEvent *) event {
 333 originFrame = bookCover.frame;
 334 NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__,__LINE__);
 335
 336 if ([touches count] == 2)
 337 {
 338 NSArray *twoTouches = [touches allObjects];
 339 UITouch *firstTouch = [twoTouches objectAtIndex:0];
 340 UITouch *secondTouch = [twoTouches objectAtIndex:1];
 341 CGPoint firstPoint = [firstTouch locationInView:bookCover];
 342 CGPoint secondPoint = [secondTouch locationInView:bookCover];
 343
 344 CGFloat deltaX = secondPoint.x - firstPoint.x;
 345 CGFloat deltaY = secondPoint.y - firstPoint.y;
 346 initialDistance = sqrt(deltaX * deltaX + deltaY * deltaY );
 347 frameX = bookCover.frame.origin.x;
 348 frameY = bookCover.frame.origin.y;
 349 frameW = bookCover.frame.size.width;
 350 frameH = bookCover.frame.size.height;
 351 NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__,__LINE__);
 352 }
 353 }
 354
 355 - (void)touchesMoved:(NSSet *) touches withEvent:(UIEvent *) event {
 356
 357 if([touches count] == 2)
 358 {
 359 NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__,__LINE__);
 360
 361 NSArray *twoTouches = [touches allObjects];
 362 UITouch *firstTouch = [twoTouches objectAtIndex:0];
 363 UITouch *secondTouch = [twoTouches objectAtIndex:1];
 364
 365 CGPoint firstPoint = [firstTouch locationInView:bookCover];
 366 CGPoint secondPoint = [secondTouch locationInView:bookCover];
 367
 368 CGFloat deltaX = secondPoint.x - firstPoint.x;
 369 CGFloat deltaY = secondPoint.y - firstPoint.y;
 370 CGFloat currentDistance = sqrt(deltaX * deltaX + deltaY * deltaY );
 371
 372 if (initialDistance == 0) {
 373 initialDistance = currentDistance;
 374 }
 375 else if (currentDistance != initialDistance)
 376 {
 377 CGFloat changedDistance = currentDistance - initialDistance;
 378 NSLog(@"changedDistance = %f",changedDistance);
 379 [bookCover setFrame:CGRectMake(frameX - changedDistance / 2,
 380 frameY - (changedDistance * frameH) / (2 * frameW),
 381 frameW + changedDistance,
 382 frameH + (changedDistance * frameH) / frameW)];
 383 }
 384 }
 385 }
 386
 387 - (void)touchesEnded:(NSSet *) touches withEvent:(UIEvent *) event {
 388 UITouch *touch = [touches anyObject];
 389
 390 UITouch双击图片变大/还原
 391 if ([touch tapCount] == 2)
 392 {
 393 NSLog(@"%s %d", __FUNCTION__,__LINE__);
 394
 395 if (!flag) {
 396 [bookCover setFrame:CGRectMake(bookCover.frame.origin.x - bookCover.frame.size.width / 2,
 397 bookCover.frame.origin.y - bookCover.frame.size.height / 2,
 398 2 * bookCover.frame.size.width,
 399 2 * bookCover.frame.size.height)];
 400 flag = YES;
 401 }
 402 else {
 403 [bookCover setFrame:CGRectMake(bookCover.frame.origin.x + bookCover.frame.size.width / 4, bookCover.frame.origin.y + bookCover.frame.size.height / 4,
 404 bookCover.frame.size.width / 2, bookCover.frame.size.height / 2)];
 405 flag = NO;
 406 }
 407 }
 408 }
 409
 410 Get the Location of Touches
 411 (CGPoint)locationInView:(UIView *)view
 412 (CGPoint)previousLocationInView:(UIView *)view
 413 view window
 414
 415 Getting Touch Attributes
 416 tapCount(read only) timestamp(read only) phase(read only)
 417
 418 Getting a Touch Object's Gesture Recognizers
 419 gestureRecognizers
 420
 421 Touch Phase
 422 UITouchPhaseBegan
 423 UITouchPhaseMoved
 424 UITouchPhaseStationary
 425 UITouchPhaseEnded
 426 UITouchPhaseCancelled
 427
 428 从Plist里读内容
 429 NSString *plistPath = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"book" ofType:@"plist"];
 430 NSDictionary *dictionary = [[NSDictionary alloc] initWithContentsOfFile:plistPath];
 431 NSString *book = [dictionary objectForKey:bookTitle];
 432 [textView setText:book];
 433
 434 (void) initialize {
 435 NSUserDefaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
 436 NSDictionary *appDefaults = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:@"YES" forKey:@"DeleteBackup"];
 437 [defaults registerDefaults:appDefaults];
 438 }
 439
 440 To get a value of a default, use the valueForKey: method:
 441 [[theDefaultsController values] valueForKey:@"userName"];
 442 To set a value for a default, use setValue:forKey:
 443 [[theDefaultsController values] setValue:newUserName forKey:@"userName"];
 444
 445 [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] setValue:aVale forKey:aKey];
 446 [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] valueForKey:aKey];
 447
 448 获取Documents目录
 449 NSArray *paths = NSSearchPathForDictionariesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory,
 450 NSUserDomainMask, YES);
 451 NSString *documentsDirectory = [paths objectAtIndex:0];
 452 NSString *filename = [documentsDirectory
 453 stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"theFile.txt"];
 454
 455 获取tmp目录
 456 NSString *tempPath = NSTemporaryDirectory();
 457 NSString *tempFile = [tempPath stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"tempFile.txt"];
 458
 459 [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] setObject:data forKey:@"someKey"];
 460 [[NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults] objectForKey:aKey];
 461
 462 自定义NavigationBar
 463 navigationBar = [[UINavigationBar alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 44)];
 464 [navigationBar setBarStyle:UIBarStyleBlackOpaque];
 465
 466 myNavigationItem = [[UINavigationItem alloc] initWithTitle:@"Setting"];
 467 [navigationBar setItems:[NSArray arrayWithObject:myNavigationItem]];
 468 [self.view addSubview:navigationBar];
 469
 470 backButton = [[UIBarButtonItem alloc] initWithTitle:@"Back" style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlain target:self action:@selector(back)];
 471 myNavigationItem.leftBarButtonItem = backButton;
 472
 473
 474 利用Safari打开一个链接
 475 NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.cnblogs.com/tracy-e/"];
 476 [[UIApplication sharedApplication] openURL:url];
 477
 478 利用UIWebView显示pdf文件、网页。。。
 479 webView = [[UIWebView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480)];
 480 [webView setDelegate:self];
 481 [webView setScalesPageToFit:YES];
 482 [webView setAutoresizingMask:UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleWidth | UIViewAutoresizingFlexibleHeight];
 483 [webView setAllowsInlineMediaPlayback:YES];
 484 [self.view addSubview:webView];
 485 NSString *pdfPath = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"ojc" ofType:@"pdf"];
 486 NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:pdfPath];
 487 NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:url
 488 cachePolicy:NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy
 489 timeoutInterval:5];
 490 [webView loadRequest:request];
 491
 492
 493 [myWebView loadRequest:[NSURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL
 494                        URLWithString: @"http://www.cnblogs.com/tracy-e/"]]];
 495
 496 NSString *errorString = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"<html><center><font size=
 497 +5 color ='red'>An Error Occurred:<br>%@</fone></center></html>",error];
 498 [myWebView loadHTMLString:errorString baseURL:nil];
 499
 500 //Stopping a load request when the view is to disappear
 501 - (void)viewWillDisappear:(BOOL)animate{
 502 if ([myWebView loading]){
 503 [myWebView stopLoading];
 504 }
 505 myWebView.delegate = nil;
 506 [UIApplication shareApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO;
 507 }
 508
 509 汉字转码
 510 NSString *oriString = @"\u67aa\u738b";
 511 NSString *escapedString = [oriString
 512 stringByReplacingPercentEscapesUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];
 513
 514
 515 Checking for background support on earlier versions of iOS
 516 UIDevice *device = [UIDevice currentDevice];
 517 BOOL backgroundSupported = NO;
 518 if ([device respondsToSelector:@selector(isMultitaskingSupported)]){
 519 backgroundSupported = device.multitaskingSupported;
 520 }
 521
 522 Being a Responsible,Multitasking-Aware Application
 523 # Do not make any OpenGL ES calls from your code.
 524 # Cancel any Bonjour-related services before being suspended.
 525 # Be prepared to handle connection failures in your network-based sockets.
 526 # Save your application state before moving to the background.
 527 # Release any unneeded memory when moving to the background.
 528 # Stop using shared system resources before being suspended.
 529 # Avoid updating your windows and views.
 530 # Respond to connect and disconnect notification for external accessories.
 531 # Clean up resource for active alerts when moving to the background.
 532 # Remove sensitive information from views before moving to the background.
 533 # Do minimal work while running in the background.
 534
 535 Handing the Keyboard notifications
 536 //Call this method somewhere in your view controller setup code
 537 - (void) registerForKeyboardNotifications{
 538
 539 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
 540 selector:@selector(keyboardWasShown:)
 541 name:UIKeyboardDidShowNotification
 542 object:nil];
 543 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
 544 selector:@selector(keyboardWasHidden:)
 545 name:UIKeyboardDidHideNotification
 546 object:nil];
 547
 548 }
 549
 550 //Called when the UIKeyboardDidShowNotification is sent
 551 - (void)keyboardWasShown:(NSNotification *) aNotification{
 552 if(keyboardShown)
 553 return;
 554 NSDictionary *info = [aNotification userInfo];
 555
 556 //get the size of the keyboard.
 557 NSValue *aValue = [info objectForKey:UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey];
 558 CGSize keyboardSize = [aValue CGRectValue].size;
 559
 560 //Resize the scroll view
 561 CGRect viewFrame = [scrollView frame];
 562 viewFrame.size.height -= keyboardSize.height;
 563
 564 //Scroll the active text field into view
 565 CGRect textFieldRect = [activeField frame];
 566 [scrollView scrollRectToVisible:textFieldRect animated:YES];
 567
 568 keyboardShown = YES;
 569 }
 570
 571 //Called when the UIKeyboardDidHideNotification is sent
 572 - (void)keyboardWasHidden:(NSNotification *) aNotification{
 573 NSDictionary *info = [aNotification userInfo];
 574
 575 //Get the size of the keyboard.
 576 NSValue *aValue = [info objectForKey:UIKeyboardFrameEndUserInfoKey];
 577 CGSize keyboardSize = [aValue CGRectValue].size;
 578
 579 //Reset the height of the scroll view to its original value
 580 CGRect viewFrame = [scrollView Frame];
 581 viewFrame.size.height += keyboardSize.height;
 582 scrollView.frame = viewFrame;
 583
 584 keyboardShown = NO;
 585 }
 586
 587 点击键盘的next按钮,在不同的textField之间换行
 588 //首先给不同的textField赋不同的且相邻的tag值
 589 - (BOOL)textFieldShouldReturn:(UITextField *)textField
 590 {
 591 if ([textField returnKeyType] != UIReturnKeyDone)
 592 {
 593 NSInteger nextTag = [textField tag] + 1;
 594 UIView *nextTextField = [[self tableView] viewWithTag:nextTag];
 595 [nextTextField becomeFirstResponder];
 596 }
 597 else {
 598 [textField resignFirstResponder];
 599 }
 600 return YES;
 601 }
 602
 603 Configuring a date formatter
 604 - (void)viewDidLoad {
 605 [super viewDidLoad];
 606 dateFormatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
 607 [dateFormatter setGeneratesCalendarDates:YES];
 608 [dateFormatter setLocale:[NSLocale currentLocale]];
 609 [dateFormatter setCalendar:[NSCalendar autoupdatingCurrentCalendar]];
 610 [dateFormatter setTimeZone:[NSTimeZone defaultTimeZone]];
 611 [dateFormatter setDateStyle:NSDateFormatterShortStyle];
 612 DOB.placeholder = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"Example: %@",[dateFormatter stringFromDate:[NSDate date]]];
 613 }
 614
 615 - (void)textFieldDidEndEditing:(UITextField *)textField{
 616 [textField resignFirstResponder];
 617 if ([textField.text isEqualToString:@""])
 618 return;
 619 switch (textField.tag){
 620 case DOBField:
 621 NSDate *theDate = [dateFormatter dateFromString:textField.text];
 622 if (theDate)
 623 [inputDate setObject:theDate forKey:MyAppPersonDOBKey];
 624 break;
 625 default:
 626 break;
 627 }
 628 }
 629
 630  tableView的cell高度
 631
 632 tableView的cell高度除了在delegate中指定外,还可以在任意位置以[tableView setRowHeight:44]的方式指定
 633
 634 [[self navigationItem] setLeftBarButtonItem:[self editButtonItem]];
 635
 636 - (void)setEditing:(BOOL)editing animated:(BOOL)animated{
 637 [super setEditing:editing animated:animated];
 638 if (editing){
 639 ......
 640 }
 641 else{
 642 ......
 643 }
 644 }
 645
 646 One added a subview to a view, release the subview to avoid the extra retain count of it, Because when you insert a view as a subview using addSubview:, the subview is retained by its superview. When you remove the subview from its superview using the removeFromSuperview: method, subview is autoreleased.
 647
 648 为UINavigationBar设置背景图片
 649 在iPhone开发中, 有时候我们想给导航条添加背景图片, 实现多样化的导航条效果, 用其他方法往往无法达到理想的效果, 经过网上搜索及多次实验, 确定如下最佳实现方案:
 650 为UINavigatonBar增加如下Category(类别:提供一种为某个类添加方法而又不必编写子类的途径,类别只能添加成员函数,不能添加数据成员):
 651
 652 @implementation UINavigationBar (CustomImage)
 653 - (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
 654     UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed: @"NavigationBar.png"];
 655     [image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];
 656 }
 657 @end
 658
 659 例如, 在我的项目中, 添加如下代码:
 660 /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 661 /* input: The image and a tag to later identify the view */
 662 @implementation UINavigationBar (CustomImage)
 663 - (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
 664     UIImage *image = [UIImage imageNamed: @"title_bg.png"];
 665     [image drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];
 666 }
 667 @end
 668 /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 669 @implementation FriendsPageViewController
 670 // Implement viewDidLoad to do additional setup after loading the view, typically from a nib.
 671 - (void)viewDidLoad {
 672     self.navigationBar.tintColor = [UIColor purpleColor];
 673
 674     [self initWithRootViewController:[[RegPageViewController alloc] init]];
 675     [super viewDidLoad];
 676 }
 677 ......
 678 实现的效果如下图:
 679
 680
 681 转载,原文地址 http://blog.csdn.net/wave_1102/archive/2009/11/04/4768212.aspx
 682
 683 为UINavigationBar添加自定义背景
 684
 685 @implementation UINavigationBar (UINavigationBarCategory)
 686
 687 - (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
 688     //颜色填充
 689 //  UIColor *color = [UIColor redColor];
 690 //  CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
 691 //  CGContextSetFillColor(context, CGColorGetComponents( [color CGColor]));
 692 //  CGContextFillRect(context, rect);
 693 //  self.tintColor = color;
 694     //图片填充
 695 UIColor *color = [UIColor colorWithRed:46.0f/255.0f
 696 green:87.0f/255.0f blue:29.0f/255.0f alpha:1.0f];
 697
 698     UIImage *img    = [UIImage imageNamed: @"bg.png"];
 699     [img drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height)];
 700
 701     self.tintColor = color;
 702 }
 703
 704 @end
 705
 706 加载图片要及时release
 707
 708 你还在使用myImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"icon.png"]; 吗?
 709
 710 如题,是不是大家为了方便都这样加载图片啊
 711
 712 myImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"icon.png"];
 713
 714 那么小心了
 715
 716 这种方法在一些图片很少,或者图片很小的程序里是ok的。
 717
 718 但是,在大量加载图片的程序里,请千万不要这样做。
 719
 720 为什么呢 ???????
 721
 722 这种方法在application bundle的顶层文件夹寻找由供应的名字的图象。 如果找到图片,装载到iPhone系统缓存图象。那意味图片是(理论上)放在内存里作为cache的。
 723
 724 试想你图片多了,是什么后果?
 725
 726 图片cache极有可能不会响应 memory warnings and release its objects
 727
 728 所以,用图片的时候一定要小心的alloc和release。
 729
 730 推荐使用 NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:@"icon" ofType:@"png"];
 731
 732 myImage = [UIImage imageWithContentsOfFile:path];
 733
 734 // Todo use of myImage
 735
 736 [myImage release];
 737
 738 From: http://www.cocoachina.com/bbs/simple/?t27420.html
 739
 740 uiwebview打开doc,pdf文件
 741 UIWebView *webView = [[UIWebView alloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 55, 320, 300)];
 742     webView.delegate = self;
 743     webView.multipleTouchEnabled = YES;
 744     webView.scalesPageToFit = YES;
 745
 746     NSArray *paths = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES);
 747     NSString *documentsDirectory = [paths objectAtIndex:0];
 748     NSString *docPath = [documentsDirectory stringByAppendingString:@"/doc2003_1.doc"];    NSLog(@"#######%@",docPath);
 749
 750     NSURL *url = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:docPath];
 751     NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:url];
 752     [webView loadRequest:request];
 753
 754     [self.view addSubview:webView];
 755 [webView release];
 756
 757 From:http://blog.csdn.net/dadalan/archive/2010/10/22/5959301.aspx
 758
 759 iPhone游戏中既播放背景音乐又播放特效声音的办法
 760
 761 有时候在 iPhone 游戏中,既要播放背景音乐,同时又要播放比如枪的开火音效。此时您可以试试以下方法
 762
 763     NSString *musicFilePath = [[NSBundle mainBundle] pathForResource:fileName ofType:@"wav"];       //创建音乐文件路径
 764     NSURL *musicURL = [[NSURL alloc] initFileURLWithPath:musicFilePath];
 765     AVAudioPlayer* musicPlayer = [[AVAudioPlayer alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:musicURL error:nil];
 766     [musicURL release];
 767     [musicPlayer prepareToPlay];
 768     //[musicPlayer setVolume:1];            //设置音量大小
 769     //musicPlayer .numberOfLoops = -1;//设置音乐播放次数  -1为一直循环
 770
 771 要导入框架 AVFoundation.framework,头文件中 #import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>;做成类的话则更方便。
 772
 773 From: http://blog.csdn.net/dadalan/archive/2010/10/19/5950493.aspx
 774
 775 NSNotificationCenter用于增加回调函数
 776 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(_willBecomeActive) name:UIApplicationDidBecomeActiveNotification object:nil];
 777
 778 UINavigationBar 背景Hack
 779 LOGO_320×44.png 图片显示在背景上,
 780
 781 @implementation UINavigationBar (UINavigationBarCategory)
 782 - (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
 783     //加入旋转坐标系代码
 784     // Drawing code
 785     UIImage *navBarImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"LOGO_320×44.png"];
 786     CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();
 787     CGContextTranslateCTM(context, 0.0, self.frame.size.height);
 788     CGContextScaleCTM(context, 1.0, -1.0);
 789
 790     CGPoint center=self.center;
 791
 792     CGImageRef cgImage= CGImageCreateWithImageInRect(navBarImage.CGImage, CGRectMake(0, 0, 1, 44));
 793     CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(center.x-160-80, 0, 80, self.frame.size.height), cgImage);
 794     CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(center.x-160, 0, 320, self.frame.size.height), navBarImage.CGImage);
 795     CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(center.x+160, 0, 80, self.frame.size.height), cgImage);
 796 }
 797 @end
 798
 799 old code
 800 CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0, 0, self.frame.size.width, self.frame.size.height), navBarImage.CGImage);
 801
 802 hack 过logo 不再拉伸
 803
 804 From: http://blog.163.com/fengyi1103@126/blog/static/13835627420106279102671/
 805
 806 清除电话号码中的其他符号(源码)
 807
 808 最近从通讯录读取电话号码,读出得号码如:134-1814-****。
 809 而我需要的为11位纯数字,一直找方法解决此问题,今天终于找到了。。
 810 分享一下……
 811
 812 代码如下:
 813
 814 NSString *originalString = @"(123) 123123 abc";
 815 NSMutableString *strippedString = [NSMutableString
 816         stringWithCapacity:originalString.length];
 817
 818 NSScanner *scanner = [NSScanner scannerWithString:originalString];
 819 NSCharacterSet *numbers = [NSCharacterSet
 820         characterSetWithCharactersInString:@"0123456789"];
 821
 822 while ([scanner isAtEnd] == NO) {
 823   NSString *buffer;
 824   if ([scanner scanCharactersFromSet:numbers intoString:&buffer]) {
 825     [strippedString appendString:buffer];
 826   }
 827   // --------- Add the following to get out of endless loop
 828   else {
 829      [scanner setScanLocation:([scanner scanLocation] + 1)];
 830   }
 831   // --------- End of addition
 832 }
 833
 834 NSLog(@"%@", strippedString); // "123123123"
 835
 836 From: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1129521/remove-all-but-numbers-from-nsstring
 837
 838
 839 正则判断:字符串只包含字母和数字
 840
 841 NSString *mystring = @"Letter1234";
 842 NSString *regex = @"[a-z][A-Z][0-9]";
 843
 844 NSPredicate *predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", regex];
 845
 846 if ([predicate evaluateWithObject:mystring] == YES) {
 847     //implement
 848 }
 849
 850
 851 一行代码设置 UITableViewCell 与导航条间距
 852
 853 UITableView 的 cell 默认出现在 uitableview 的第一行,如果你想自定义 UITableViewCell 与导航条间距的话,可以使用下面这行代码
 854
 855 tableview.tableHeaderView = [[[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 5, 20)]autorelease];
 856
 857 From: http://blog.163.com/fengyi1103@126/blog/static/1383562742010101611107492/
 858
 859
 860 修改 UITableview 滚动条颜色的方法
 861
 862     UITableview 的滚动条默认颜色是黑色的,如果 UItableview 背景也是深颜色,则滚动条会变的很不明显。您可以用下面这行代码来改变滚动条的颜色
 863
 864 self.tableView.indicatorStyle=UIScrollViewIndicatorStyleWhite;
 865
 866 当然,最后的 “White” 也可以换成其它颜色。
 867
 868
 869 下文件之前获取到文件大小的代码
 870
 871 下面这段代码,能实现在下载文件之前获得文件大小,应用在软件里,能在很大程度上改善用户体验
 872
 873 [m_pASIHTTPRequest setDidReceiveResponseHeadersSelector:@selector(didReceiveResponseHeaders:)];
 874
 875 - (void)didReceiveResponseHeaders:(ASIHTTPRequest *)request
 876 {
 877     NSLog(@"didReceiveResponseHeaders %@",[m_request.responseHeaders valueForKey:@"Content-Length"]);
 878 }
 879
 880 网络编程总结 iphone
 881
 882 一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI
 883
 884     1. 添加源文件和framework
 885
 886     开发Web等网络应用程序的时候,需要确认网络环境,连接情况等信息。如果没有处理它们,是不会通过Apple的审(我们的)查的。
 887     Apple 的 例程 Reachability 中介绍了取得/检测网络状态的方法。要在应用程序程序中使用Reachability,首先要完成如下两部:
 888
 889     1.1. 添加源文件:
 890     在你的程序中使用 Reachability 只须将该例程中的 Reachability.h 和 Reachability.m 拷贝到你的工程中。如下图:
 891
 892
 893
 894     1.2.添加framework:
 895     将SystemConfiguration.framework 添加进工程。如下图:
 896
 897
 898     2. 网络状态
 899
 900     Reachability.h中定义了三种网络状态:
 901     typedef enum {
 902         NotReachable = 0,            //无连接
 903         ReachableViaWiFi,            //使用3G/GPRS网络
 904         ReachableViaWWAN            //使用WiFi网络
 905     } NetworkStatus;
 906
 907     因此可以这样检查网络状态:
 908
 909     Reachability *r = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@“www.apple.com”];
 910     switch ([r currentReachabilityStatus]) {
 911             case NotReachable:
 912                     // 没有网络连接
 913                     break;
 914             case ReachableViaWWAN:
 915                     // 使用3G网络
 916                     break;
 917             case ReachableViaWiFi:
 918                     // 使用WiFi网络
 919                     break;
 920     }
 921
 922     3.检查当前网络环境
 923     程序启动时,如果想检测可用的网络环境,可以像这样
 924     // 是否wifi
 925     + (BOOL) IsEnableWIFI {
 926         return ([[Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);
 927     }
 928
 929     // 是否3G
 930     + (BOOL) IsEnable3G {
 931         return ([[Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);
 932     }
 933     例子:
 934     - (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated {
 935     if (([Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable) &&
 936             ([Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable)) {
 937             self.navigationItem.hidesBackButton = YES;
 938             [self.navigationItem setLeftBarButtonItem:nil animated:NO];
 939         }
 940     }
 941
 942     4. 链接状态的实时通知
 943     网络连接状态的实时检查,通知在网络应用中也是十分必要的。接续状态发生变化时,需要及时地通知用户:
 944
 945     Reachability 1.5版本
 946     // My.AppDelegate.h
 947     #import "Reachability.h"
 948
 949     @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject <UIApplicationDelegate> {
 950         NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;
 951     }
 952
 953     @property NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;
 954
 955     @end
 956
 957     // My.AppDelegate.m
 958     #import "MyAppDelegate.h"
 959
 960     @implementation MyAppDelegate
 961     @synthesize remoteHostStatus;
 962
 963     // 更新网络状态
 964     - (void)updateStatus {
 965         self.remoteHostStatus = [[Reachability sharedReachability] remoteHostStatus];
 966     }
 967
 968     // 通知网络状态
 969     - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification *)note {
 970         [self updateStatus];
 971         if (self.remoteHostStatus == NotReachable) {
 972             UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"AppName", nil)
 973                          message:NSLocalizedString (@"NotReachable", nil)
 974                         delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles: nil];
 975             [alert show];
 976             [alert release];
 977         }
 978     }
 979
 980     // 程序启动器,启动网络监视
 981     - (void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {
 982
 983         // 设置网络检测的站点
 984         [[Reachability sharedReachability] setHostName:@"www.apple.com"];
 985         [[Reachability sharedReachability] setNetworkStatusNotificationsEnabled:YES];
 986         // 设置网络状态变化时的通知函数
 987         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)
 988                                                  name:@"kNetworkReachabilityChangedNotification" object:nil];
 989         [self updateStatus];
 990     }
 991
 992     - (void)dealloc {
 993         // 删除通知对象
 994         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self];
 995         [window release];
 996         [super dealloc];
 997     }
 998
 999     Reachability 2.0版本
1000
1001
1002     // MyAppDelegate.h
1003     @class Reachability;
1004
1005         @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject <UIApplicationDelegate> {
1006             Reachability  *hostReach;
1007         }
1008
1009     @end
1010
1011     // MyAppDelegate.m
1012     - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification *)note {
1013         Reachability* curReach = [note object];
1014         NSParameterAssert([curReach isKindOfClass: [Reachability class]]);
1015         NetworkStatus status = [curReach currentReachabilityStatus];
1016
1017         if (status == NotReachable) {
1018             UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"AppName""
1019                               message:@"NotReachable"
1020                               delegate:nil
1021                               cancelButtonTitle:@"YES" otherButtonTitles:nil];
1022                               [alert show];
1023                               [alert release];
1024         }
1025     }
1026
1027     - (void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {
1028         // ...
1029
1030         // 监测网络情况
1031         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
1032                               selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)
1033                               name: kReachabilityChangedNotification
1034                               object: nil];
1035         hostReach = [[Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"] retain];
1036         hostReach startNotifer];
1037         // ...
1038     }
1039
1040
1041 二:使用NSConnection下载数据
1042
1043     1.创建NSConnection对象,设置委托对象
1044
1045     NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:[self urlString]]];
1046     [NSURLConnection connectionWithRequest:request delegate:self];
1047
1048     2. NSURLConnection delegate委托方法
1049         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response;
1050         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error;
1051         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data;
1052         - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection;
1053
1054     3. 实现委托方法
1055     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response {
1056         // store data
1057         [self.receivedData setLength:0];            //通常在这里先清空接受数据的缓存
1058     }
1059
1060     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data {
1061            /* appends the new data to the received data */
1062         [self.receivedData appendData:data];        //可能多次收到数据,把新的数据添加在现有数据最后
1063     }
1064
1065     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error {
1066         // 错误处理
1067     }
1068
1069     - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection {
1070         // disconnect
1071         [UIApplication sharedApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO;
1072         NSString *returnString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:self.receivedData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
1073         NSLog(returnString);
1074         [self urlLoaded:[self urlString] data:self.receivedData];
1075         firstTimeDownloaded = YES;
1076     }
1077
1078 三:使用NSXMLParser解析xml文件
1079
1080     1. 设置委托对象,开始解析
1081     NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc] initWithData:data];   //或者也可以使用initWithContentsOfURL直接下载文件,但是有一个原因不这么做:
1082     // It's also possible to have NSXMLParser download the data, by passing it a URL, but this is not desirable
1083     // because it gives less control over the network, particularly in responding to connection errors.
1084     [parser setDelegate:self];
1085     [parser parse];
1086
1087     2. 常用的委托方法
1088     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didStartElement:(NSString *)elementName
1089                                 namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1090                                 qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName
1091                                 attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict;
1092     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didEndElement:(NSString *)elementName
1093                                 namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1094                                 qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName;
1095     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser foundCharacters:(NSString *)string;
1096     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser parseErrorOccurred:(NSError *)parseError;
1097
1098     static NSString *feedURLString = @"http://www.yifeiyang.net/test/test.xml";
1099
1100     3.  应用举例
1101     - (void)parseXMLFileAtURL:(NSURL *)URL parseError:(NSError **)error
1102     {
1103         NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:URL];
1104         [parser setDelegate:self];
1105         [parser setShouldProcessNamespaces:NO];
1106         [parser setShouldReportNamespacePrefixes:NO];
1107         [parser setShouldResolveExternalEntities:NO];
1108         [parser parse];
1109         NSError *parseError = [parser parserError];
1110         if (parseError && error) {
1111             *error = parseError;
1112         }
1113         [parser release];
1114     }
1115
1116     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didStartElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1117                                         qualifiedName:(NSString*)qName attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict{
1118         // 元素开始句柄
1119         if (qName) {
1120             elementName = qName;
1121         }
1122         if ([elementName isEqualToString:@"user"]) {
1123             // 输出属性值
1124             NSLog(@"Name is %@ , Age is %@", [attributeDict objectForKey:@"name"], [attributeDict objectForKey:@"age"]);
1125         }
1126     }
1127
1128     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didEndElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1129                                         qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName
1130     {
1131         // 元素终了句柄
1132         if (qName) {
1133                elementName = qName;
1134         }
1135     }
1136
1137     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser foundCharacters:(NSString *)string
1138     {
1139         // 取得元素的text
1140     }
1141
1142     NSError *parseError = nil;
1143     [self parseXMLFileAtURL:[NSURL URLWithString:feedURLString] parseError:&parseError];
1144
1145 Iphone 实现画折线图
1146
1147 iphone里面要画图一般都是通过CoreGraphics.framwork和QuartzCore.framwork实现,apple的官方sdk demon中包含了QuartzCore的基本用法,
1148
1149
1150 具体demo请参考http://developer.apple.com/library/ios/#samplecode/QuartzDemo/
1151 折线图
1152
1153
1154 要实现折线图也就把全部的点连起来,movePointLineto,具体的调用里面的api就可以实现了,但是画坐标就比较麻烦了,里面需要去转很多,好在国外有人开源了一个画折线图的开发包,首先看看效果吧,具体怎么用可以参考作者git版本库中的wiki。
1155 http://github.com/devinross/tapkulibrary/wiki/How-To-Use-This-Library
1156
1157 这个包还提供了其他的很好看的UI,都可以调来用,但是我们只需要一个画图要把整个包都导进去,工程太大了,既然是开源的那就想办法提取出来吧,原先之前也有人干过这样的事。http://duivesteyn.net/2010/03/07/iphone-sdk-implementing-the-tapku-graph-in-your-application/
1158 我对源代码进行简单的修改,使其显示坐标之类的,更加符合工程的需要,但是还没有实现画多组数据,只能画一组数据,不用viewContol,而使用addsubview,直接添加到当前的窗口,最终效果如下。
1159 使用方法:
1160
1161 1.工程添加tk库里面的如下文件
1162
1163 2. 添加QuartzCore  framework
1164 #import <QuartzCore/QuartzCore.h>
1165 添加TapkuLibrary.bundle资源文件
1166 3.代码中完成实例,数据初始化就可以用了
1167
1168 下载修改后的版本。下次有时间在整理一个工程版本出来。
1169
1170 让iPhone屏幕常亮不变暗的方法
1171
1172 如果您希望运行自己开发的App时,iPhone的屏幕不再自动变暗,可以使用以下方法让屏幕常亮: iPhone OS用一个布尔值用来控制是否取消应用程序空闲时间:@property(nonatomic, getter=isIdleTime
1173
1174 如果您希望运行自己开发的App时,iPhone的屏幕不再自动变暗,可以使用以下方法让屏幕常亮:
1175
1176   iPhone OS用一个布尔值用来控制是否取消应用程序空闲时间:@property(nonatomic, getter=isIdleTimerDisabled) BOOL idleTimerDisabled。这个值的默认属性是"NO"。当大多数应用程序没有接收到用户输入信息的时候,系统会把设备设置成“休眠”状态,iPhone屏幕也会变暗。这样做是为了保存更多电量。事实上,应用程序在运行加速度游戏的时候是不需要用户输入的,当然这里只是一个假设,把这个变量设置为"YES",来取消系统休眠的“空闲时间”。
1177
1178 重点是:你必须当真正需要的时候才打开这个属性当你不用的时候马上还愿成"NO"。大多数应用程序在休眠时间到的时候让系统关闭屏幕。这个包括了有音频的应用程 序。在Audio Session Services中使用适当的回放和记录功能不会被间断当屏幕关闭时。只有地图应用程序,游戏或者一些不间断的用户交互程序可以取消这个属性。
1179
1180 苹果开发网络编程知识总结
1181
1182 以下苹果开发网络编程知识由 CocoaChina 会员 cocoa_yang 总结,希望能为苹果开发新手梳理知识脉络,节省入门时间。一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI 1. 添加源文件和framework 开发Web等网络应用程序
1183
1184   以下苹果开发网络编程知识由 CocoaChina 会员 “cocoa_yang” 总结,希望能为苹果开发新手梳理知识脉络,节省入门时间。
1185
1186 一:确认网络环境3G/WIFI
1187
1188     1. 添加源文件和framework
1189
1190     开发Web等网络应用程序的时候,需要确认网络环境,连接情况等信息。如果没有处理它们,是不会通过Apple的审查的。
1191     Apple 的 例程 Reachability 中介绍了取得/检测网络状态的方法。要在应用程序程序中使用Reachability,首先要完成如下两部:
1192
1193     1.1. 添加源文件:
1194     在你的程序中使用 Reachability 只须将该例程中的 Reachability.h 和 Reachability.m 拷贝到你的工程中。如下图:
1195
1196     1.2.添加framework:
1197     将SystemConfiguration.framework 添加进工程。如下图:
1198
1199
1200     2. 网络状态
1201
1202     Reachability.h中定义了三种网络状态:
1203     typedef enum {
1204         NotReachable = 0,            //无连接
1205         ReachableViaWiFi,            //使用3G/GPRS网络
1206         ReachableViaWWAN            //使用WiFi网络
1207     } NetworkStatus;
1208
1209     因此可以这样检查网络状态:
1210
1211     Reachability *r = [Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@“www.apple.com”];
1212     switch ([r currentReachabilityStatus]) {
1213             case NotReachable:
1214                     // 没有网络连接
1215                     break;
1216             case ReachableViaWWAN:
1217                     // 使用3G网络
1218                     break;
1219             case ReachableViaWiFi:
1220                     // 使用WiFi网络
1221                     break;
1222     }
1223
1224     3.检查当前网络环境
1225
1226     程序启动时,如果想检测可用的网络环境,可以像这样
1227     // 是否wifi
1228     + (BOOL) IsEnableWIFI {
1229         return ([[Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);
1230     }
1231
1232     // 是否3G
1233     + (BOOL) IsEnable3G {
1234         return ([[Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection] currentReachabilityStatus] != NotReachable);
1235     }
1236     例子:
1237     - (void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated {
1238     if (([Reachability reachabilityForInternetConnection].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable) &&
1239             ([Reachability reachabilityForLocalWiFi].currentReachabilityStatus == NotReachable)) {
1240             self.navigationItem.hidesBackButton = YES;
1241             [self.navigationItem setLeftBarButtonItem:nil animated:NO];
1242         }
1243     }
1244
1245     4. 链接状态的实时通知
1246
1247     网络连接状态的实时检查,通知在网络应用中也是十分必要的。接续状态发生变化时,需要及时地通知用户:
1248
1249     Reachability 1.5版本
1250     // My.AppDelegate.h
1251     #import "Reachability.h"
1252
1253     @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject <UIApplicationDelegate> {
1254         NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;
1255     }
1256
1257     @property NetworkStatus remoteHostStatus;
1258
1259     @end
1260
1261     // My.AppDelegate.m
1262     #import "MyAppDelegate.h"
1263
1264     @implementation MyAppDelegate
1265     @synthesize remoteHostStatus;
1266
1267     // 更新网络状态
1268     - (void)updateStatus {
1269         self.remoteHostStatus = [[Reachability sharedReachability] remoteHostStatus];
1270     }
1271
1272     // 通知网络状态
1273     - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification *)note {
1274         [self updateStatus];
1275         if (self.remoteHostStatus == NotReachable) {
1276             UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:NSLocalizedString(@"AppName", nil)
1277                          message:NSLocalizedString (@"NotReachable", nil)
1278                         delegate:nil cancelButtonTitle:@"OK" otherButtonTitles: nil];
1279             [alert show];
1280             [alert release];
1281         }
1282     }
1283
1284     // 程序启动器,启动网络监视
1285     - (void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {
1286
1287         // 设置网络检测的站点
1288         [[Reachability sharedReachability] setHostName:@"www.apple.com"];
1289         [[Reachability sharedReachability] setNetworkStatusNotificationsEnabled:YES];
1290         // 设置网络状态变化时的通知函数
1291         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)
1292                                                  name:@"kNetworkReachabilityChangedNotification" object:nil];
1293         [self updateStatus];
1294     }
1295
1296     - (void)dealloc {
1297         // 删除通知对象
1298         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self];
1299         [window release];
1300         [super dealloc];
1301     }
1302
1303     Reachability 2.0版本
1304
1305
1306     // MyAppDelegate.h
1307     @class Reachability;
1308
1309         @interface MyAppDelegate : NSObject <UIApplicationDelegate> {
1310             Reachability  *hostReach;
1311         }
1312
1313     @end
1314
1315     // MyAppDelegate.m
1316     - (void)reachabilityChanged:(NSNotification *)note {
1317         Reachability* curReach = [note object];
1318         NSParameterAssert([curReach isKindOfClass: [Reachability class]]);
1319         NetworkStatus status = [curReach currentReachabilityStatus];
1320
1321         if (status == NotReachable) {
1322             UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"AppName""
1323                               message:@"NotReachable"
1324                               delegate:nil
1325                               cancelButtonTitle:@"YES" otherButtonTitles:nil];
1326                               [alert show];
1327                               [alert release];
1328         }
1329     }
1330
1331     - (void)applicationDidFinishLaunching:(UIApplication *)application {
1332         // ...
1333
1334         // 监测网络情况
1335         [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
1336                               selector:@selector(reachabilityChanged:)
1337                               name: kReachabilityChangedNotification
1338                               object: nil];
1339         hostReach = [[Reachability reachabilityWithHostName:@"www.google.com"] retain];
1340         hostReach startNotifer];
1341         // ...
1342     }
1343
1344
1345 二:使用NSConnection下载数据
1346
1347     1.创建NSConnection对象,设置委托对象
1348
1349     NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:[self urlString]]];
1350     [NSURLConnection connectionWithRequest:request delegate:self];
1351
1352     2. NSURLConnection delegate委托方法
1353         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response;
1354         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error;
1355         - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data;
1356         - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection;
1357
1358     3. 实现委托方法
1359     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse *)response {
1360         // store data
1361         [self.receivedData setLength:0];            //通常在这里先清空接受数据的缓存
1362     }
1363
1364     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didReceiveData:(NSData *)data {
1365            /* appends the new data to the received data */
1366         [self.receivedData appendData:data];        //可能多次收到数据,把新的数据添加在现有数据最后
1367     }
1368
1369     - (void)connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection didFailWithError:(NSError *)error {
1370         // 错误处理
1371     }
1372
1373     - (void)connectionDidFinishLoading:(NSURLConnection *)connection {
1374         // disconnect
1375         [UIApplication sharedApplication].networkActivityIndicatorVisible = NO;
1376         NSString *returnString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:self.receivedData encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
1377         NSLog(returnString);
1378         [self urlLoaded:[self urlString] data:self.receivedData];
1379         firstTimeDownloaded = YES;
1380     }
1381
1382 三:使用NSXMLParser解析xml文件
1383
1384     1. 设置委托对象,开始解析
1385     NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc] initWithData:data];   //或者也可以使用initWithContentsOfURL直接下载文件,但是有一个原因不这么做:
1386     // It's also possible to have NSXMLParser download the data, by passing it a URL, but this is not desirable
1387     // because it gives less control over the network, particularly in responding to connection errors.
1388     [parser setDelegate:self];
1389     [parser parse];
1390
1391     2. 常用的委托方法
1392     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didStartElement:(NSString *)elementName
1393                                 namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1394                                 qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName
1395                                 attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict;
1396     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didEndElement:(NSString *)elementName
1397                                 namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1398                                 qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName;
1399     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser foundCharacters:(NSString *)string;
1400     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser parseErrorOccurred:(NSError *)parseError;
1401
1402     static NSString *feedURLString = @"http://www.yifeiyang.net/test/test.xml";
1403
1404     3.  应用举例
1405     - (void)parseXMLFileAtURL:(NSURL *)URL parseError:(NSError **)error
1406     {
1407         NSXMLParser *parser = [[NSXMLParser alloc] initWithContentsOfURL:URL];
1408         [parser setDelegate:self];
1409         [parser setShouldProcessNamespaces:NO];
1410         [parser setShouldReportNamespacePrefixes:NO];
1411         [parser setShouldResolveExternalEntities:NO];
1412         [parser parse];
1413         NSError *parseError = [parser parserError];
1414         if (parseError && error) {
1415             *error = parseError;
1416         }
1417         [parser release];
1418     }
1419
1420     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didStartElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1421                                         qualifiedName:(NSString*)qName attributes:(NSDictionary *)attributeDict{
1422         // 元素开始句柄
1423         if (qName) {
1424             elementName = qName;
1425         }
1426         if ([elementName isEqualToString:@"user"]) {
1427             // 输出属性值
1428             NSLog(@"Name is %@ , Age is %@", [attributeDict objectForKey:@"name"], [attributeDict objectForKey:@"age"]);
1429         }
1430     }
1431
1432     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser didEndElement:(NSString *)elementName namespaceURI:(NSString *)namespaceURI
1433                                         qualifiedName:(NSString *)qName
1434     {
1435         // 元素终了句柄
1436         if (qName) {
1437                elementName = qName;
1438         }
1439     }
1440
1441     - (void)parser:(NSXMLParser *)parser foundCharacters:(NSString *)string
1442     {
1443         // 取得元素的text
1444     }
1445
1446     NSError *parseError = nil;
1447     [self parseXMLFileAtURL:[NSURL URLWithString:feedURLString] parseError:&parseError];
1448
1449 如何隐藏状态栏
1450 [ UIApplication sharedApplication ].statusBarHidden = YES;
1451
1452 .m 文件与.mm文件的区别
1453 .m文件是object-c文件
1454 .mm文件相当于c++或者c文件
1455
1456 NSLog(@"afd")与 NSLog("afd")
1457
1458 细微差别会导致程序崩溃。
1459
1460 但是我不太明白为何苹果要把编译器做的对这两种常量有区别。
1461
1462 不过值得一提的是可能为了方便苹果自身的NSObject对象的格式化输出。
1463
1464 safari其实没有把内存的缓存写到存储卡上
1465
1466 NSURLCache doesn't seem to support writing to disk on iPhone. The documentation for NSCachedURLResponse says that the NSURLCacheStoragePolicy "NSURLCacheStorageAllowed" is treated as "NSURLCacheStorageAllowedInMemoryOnly" by iPhone OS.
1467
1468 官方文档是这么说的。
1469
1470 为了证明这个,我找到了一个目录。
1471
1472 /private/var/mobile/Library/Caches/Safari/Thumbnails
1473
1474 随机数的使用
1475
1476         头文件的引用
1477         #import <time.h>
1478         #import <mach/mach_time.h>
1479
1480         srandom()的使用
1481         srandom((unsigned)(mach_absolute_time() & 0xFFFFFFFF));
1482
1483         直接使用 random() 来调用随机数
1484
1485 在UIImageView 中旋转图像
1486
1487         float rotateAngle = M_PI;
1488         CGAffineTransform transform =CGAffineTransformMakeRotation(rotateAngle);
1489         imageView.transform = transform;
1490
1491         以上代码旋转imageView, 角度为rotateAngle, 方向可以自己测试哦!
1492
1493
1494 在Quartz中如何设置旋转点
1495
1496         UIImageView *imageView = [[UIImageView alloc] initWithImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@"bg.png"]];
1497         imageView.layer.anchorPoint = CGPointMake(0.5, 1.0);
1498
1499         这个是把旋转点设置为底部中间。记住是在QuartzCore.framework中才得到支持。
1500
1501 创建.plist文件并存储
1502
1503         NSString *errorDesc;  //用来存放错误信息
1504         NSMutableDictionary *rootObj = [NSMutableDictionary dictionaryWithCapacity:4]; //NSDictionary, NSData等文件可以直接转化为plist文件
1505         NSDictionary *innerDict;
1506         NSString *name;
1507         Player *player;
1508         NSInteger saveIndex;
1509
1510         for(int i = 0; i < [playerArray count]; i++) {
1511               player = nil;
1512               player = [playerArray objectAtIndex:i];
1513               if(player == nil)
1514                      break;
1515               name = player.playerName;// This "Player1" denotes the player name could also be the computer name
1516               innerDict = [self getAllNodeInfoToDictionary:player];
1517               [rootObj setObject:innerDict forKey:name]; // This "Player1" denotes the person who start this game
1518         }
1519         player = nil;
1520         NSData *plistData = [NSPropertyListSerialization dataFromPropertyList:(id)rootObj format:NSPropertyListXMLFormat_v1_0 errorDescription:&errorDesc];
1521
1522         红色部分可以忽略,只是给rootObj添加一点内容。这个plistData为创建好的plist文件,用其writeToFile方法就可以写成文件。下面是代码:
1523
1524         /*得到移动设备上的文件存放位置*/
1525         NSString *documentsPath = [self getDocumentsDirectory];
1526         NSString *savePath = [documentsPath stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"save.plist"];
1527
1528         /*存文件*/
1529         if (plistData) {
1530                 [plistData writeToFile:savePath atomically:YES];
1531          }
1532          else {
1533                 NSLog(errorDesc);
1534                 [errorDesc release];
1535         }
1536
1537         - (NSString *)getDocumentsDirectory {
1538                 NSArray *paths = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(NSDocumentDirectory, NSUserDomainMask, YES);
1539                 return [paths objectAtIndex:0];
1540         }
1541
1542 读取plist文件并转化为NSDictionary
1543
1544         NSString *documentsPath = [self getDocumentsDirectory];
1545         NSString *fullPath = [documentsPath stringByAppendingPathComponent:@"save.plist"];
1546         NSMutableDictionary* plistDict = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] initWithContentsOfFile:fullPath];
1547
1548 读取一般性文档文件
1549
1550         NSString *tmp;
1551         NSArray *lines; /*将文件转化为一行一行的*/
1552         lines = [[NSString    stringWithContentsOfFile:@"testFileReadLines.txt"]
1553                        componentsSeparatedByString:@"\n"];
1554
1555          NSEnumerator *nse = [lines objectEnumerator];
1556
1557          // 读取<>里的内容
1558          while(tmp = [nse nextObject]) {
1559                   NSString *stringBetweenBrackets = nil;
1560                   NSScanner *scanner = [NSScanner scannerWithString:tmp];
1561                   [scanner scanUpToString:@"<" intoString:nil];
1562                   [scanner scanString:@"<" intoString:nil];
1563                   [scanner scanUpToString:@">" intoString:&stringBetweenBrackets];
1564
1565                   NSLog([stringBetweenBrackets description]);
1566           }
1567
1568 对于读写文件,还有补充,暂时到此。随机数和文件读写在游戏开发中经常用到。所以把部分内容放在这,以便和大家分享,也当记录,便于查找。
1569
1570 隐藏NavigationBar
1571 [self.navigationController setNavigationBarHidden:YES animated:YES];
1572
1573 在想隐藏的ViewController中使用就可以了。
1574
1575 如何在iPhone程序中调用外部命令
1576
1577 下面是如何在iPhone非官方SDK程序中调用外部命令的方法。
1578
1579 - ( NSString * ) executeCommand : ( NSString * ) cmd { NSString * output = [ NSString string ] ; FILE * pipe = popen ( [ cmd cStringUsingEncoding : NSASCIIStringEnc
1580   
1581 下面是如何在iPhone非官方SDK程序中调用外部命令的方法。
1582
1583 - (NSString *)executeCommand: (NSString *)cmd
1584 {
1585     NSString *output = [NSString string];
1586     FILE *pipe = popen([cmd cStringUsingEncoding: NSASCIIStringEncoding], "r");
1587     if (!pipe) return;
1588
1589     char buf[1024];
1590     while(fgets(buf, 1024, pipe)) {
1591     output = [output stringByAppendingFormat: @"%s", buf];
1592 }
1593
1594 pclose(pipe);
1595 return output;
1596 }
1597
1598 NSString *yourcmd = [NSString stringWithFormat: @"your command"];
1599 [self executeCommand: yourcmd];
1600
1601 如何在iPhone程序读取数据时显示进度窗
1602
1603 下面代码说明如何使用iPhone 非官方SDK在读取数据时显示进度条。
1604
1605 以下代码参考了MobileRss。
1606
1607 定义头文件:
1608
1609 #import "uikit/UIProgressHUD.h"
1610
1611 @interface EyeCandy : UIApplication {
1612  UIProgressHUD *progress;
1613 }
1614
1615 - (void) showProgressHUD:(NSString *)label withWindow:(UIWindow *)w withView:(UIView *)v withRect:(struct CGRect)rect;
1616 - (void) hideProgressHUD;
1617
1618 .@end
1619
1620 上面的引号要改成<>。
1621
1622 import "EyeCandy.h"
1623
1624 @implementation EyeCandy
1625 - (void)showProgressHUD:(NSString *)label withWindow:(UIWindow *)w withView:(UIView *)v withRect:(struct CGRect)rect
1626 {
1627  progress = [[UIProgressHUD alloc] initWithWindow: w];
1628  [progress setText: label];
1629  [progress drawRect: rect];
1630  [progress show: YES];
1631
1632  [v addSubview:progress];
1633 }
1634
1635 - (void)hideProgressHUD
1636 {
1637  [progress show: NO];
1638  [progress removeFromSuperview];
1639 }
1640
1641 @end
1642
1643 使用下面代码调用:
1644
1645 // Setup Eye Candy View
1646 _eyeCandy = [[[EyeCandy alloc] init] retain];
1647
1648 // Call loading display
1649 [_eyeCandy showProgressHUD:@"Loading …" withWindow:window withView:mainView withRect:CGRectMake(0.0f, 100.0f, 320.0f, 50.0f)];
1650
1651 // When finished for hiding the &quot;loading text&quot;
1652 [_eyeCandy hideProgressHUD];
1653
1654 WebKit的基本用法
1655
1656 WebKit是苹果开发中比较常用的浏览器引擎,Safari使用的正是WebKit引擎。WebKit基于KDE的KHTML加以再开发,解析速度超过了以往所有的浏览器。这里简单记录一下WebKit的基本用法。
1657
1658 WebKit由下面的结构组成:
1659
1660 •DomCore
1661 •JavaScriptCore
1662 •WebCore
1663 一般浏览
1664
1665 要打开网页,可以这样做:
1666
1667 1.[[webView mainFrame] loadRequest:[NSURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:urlText]]];
1668 DomCore
1669
1670 DomCore用于处理DOM文档,包括:
1671
1672 •DOMDocument
1673 •DOMNamedNodeMap
1674 •DOMNode
1675 •DOMNodeList
1676 要获取一个DOMDocument,可以这样做:
1677
1678 1.DOMDocument *myDOMDocument = [[webView mainFrame] DOMDocument];
1679 要用于HTML处理,可以使用DOMHTMLDocument(Mac OS X 10.4之后),获取方式相同:
1680
1681 1.DOMHTMLDocument *myDOMDocument = (DOMHTMLDocument*)[[webView mainFrame] DOMDocument];
1682 方法定义:
1683
1684 苹果的WebKit更新说明
1685
1686 JavaScriptCore
1687
1688 在WebKit中执行脚本的方法:
1689
1690 1.WebScriptObject *myscript = [webView windowScriptObject];
1691 2.NSString *script = @"alert('hello');";
1692 3.[myscript evaluateWebScript script];
1693 参考:
1694
1695 http://www.macgood.com/thread-24636-1-1.html
1696
1697 http://www.cocoadev.com/index.pl?WebKit
1698
1699 为什么不要做iPhone上面的应用
1700
1701 简单来说就是因为两国的文化不同,或者说生活方式的不同。美国不管多穷的人都有车,他们平时的生活方式和国内绝对是完全不同的。做应用和做游戏不一样,应用需要满足人们某一
1702   简单来说就是因为两国的文化不同,或者说生活方式的不同。美国不管多穷的人都有车,他们平时的生活方式和国内绝对是完全不同的。做应用和做游戏不一样,应用需要满足人们某一部分的需求,比如,一个计算小费的软件,在国内不会有市场,可是美国人都有一个。
1703 大家可以设身处地的想一下,谁会需要你做的软件,这样的人有多少,这样的人又有iPhone的又有多少。
1704
1705 对于应用来说,针对商务人士的又比针对普通人的好,基本上商务人士不太在乎几块钱一个软件,这也是backup assistant卖得最好的一个原因。这个软件一年的年费24美元,大约有数千万美元一年的收入。什么样的应用软件是这些人需要的?连笔者自己也不太清楚,笔者虽然已经在美国工作了多年,但是对于美国文化的了解还处于一知半解状态,更不用说正在留学的学生了。
1706
1707 还有一个能成功的应用软件是你已经有非常多的数据,比如你有当地的所有加油站的信息,做一个油价的地图软件,显然市场会不错。不过数据要是美国的数据,国内的没有太大的帮助。
1708
1709 综上所述,游戏比应用好做很多,如果要作应用的话,可以从单机的小应用开始。要在美国运营一个支持10万人的网络应用,没有30万美元绝对没戏。如果非要上,只能早死早超生了。
1710
1711 获取iPhone用户手机号
1712
1713 使用下面的函数可以返回用户的手机号:
1714
1715 extern NSString *CTSettingCopyMyPhoneNumber();
1716
1717 然后调用即可。
1718
1719 由于这个函数是包含在CoreTelephony中,所以只能用于非官方iPhone SDK。
1720
1721 在程序中关闭iPhone
1722 首先在程序中引用 #include sys/reboot.h 然后使用 reboot(RB_HALT); 就可以直接将iPhone关机。
1723   
1724 首先在程序中引用
1725
1726 #include <sys/reboot.h>
1727
1728 然后使用
1729
1730 reboot(RB_HALT);
1731
1732 就可以直接将iPhone关机。
1733
1734 convert the contents of an NSData object to an NSString
1735
1736 1. NSString *stringFromASC = [NSString stringWithCString:[ascData bytes] length:[ascData length]];
1737
1738 If the NSData object contains unichar characters then do this:
1739
1740 NSString *stringFromUnichar = [NSString stringWithCharacters:[unicharData bytes] length:[unicharData length] / sizeof(unichar)];
1741
1742 2. - (id)initWithData:(NSData *)data encoding:(NSStringEncoding)encoding
1743
1744 iPhone的特殊URL
1745 在iPhone中,可以直接用UIApp打开URL地址。如下所示:
1746
1747 1.[ UIApp openURL: [ NSURL URLWithString:@"http://www.apple.com" ] ];
1748 或者:
1749
1750 1.[ UIApp openURL: [ NSURL URLWithString:@"mailto:apple@mac.com?Subject=hello" ] ];
1751 与此同时,iPhone还包含一些其他除了http://或者mailto:之外的URL:
1752
1753 sms:// 可以调用短信程序
1754
1755 tel:// 可以拨打电话
1756
1757 itms:// 可以打开MobileStore.app
1758
1759 audio-player-event:// 可以打开iPod
1760
1761 audio-player-event://?uicmd=show-purchased-playlist 可以打开iPod播放列表
1762
1763 video-player-event:// 可以打开iPod中的视频
1764
1765
1766 get iphone uniqueIdentifier
1767
1768 I also find that I can get uniqueIdentifier using:
1769
1770 UIDevice *myDevice = [UIDevice currentDevice];NSString *identifier = myDevice.uniqueIdentifier;
1771
1772
1773 打开本地网页,与远程网页
1774
1775 fileURLWithPath:Initializes and returns a newly created NSURL object as a file URL with a specified path.
1776
1777 + (id)fileURLWithPath:(NSString *)path
1778
1779 URLWithString:
1780 Creates and returns an NSURL object initialized with a provided string.
1781
1782 + (id)URLWithString:(NSString *)URLString
1783
1784 教你如何使用UIWebView
1785
1786 Start by opening up the WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.h file and editing the @interface line to read:
1787
1788 @interface WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate : NSObject <UIWebViewDelegate> {
1789 What we have done is to make the main AppDelegate a delegate for the UIWebView as well.
1790
1791 Now we need to set our webView to have the main AppDelegate as its delegate, you can do this by opening up WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.m and putting the following line just inside theapplicationDidFinishLaunching function:
1792
1793 webView.delegate = self;
1794 That is all pretty self explanatory, it just sets the delegate of our webView to self, which in this case is our main application delegate.
1795
1796 Now we are pretty much done, we just need to add the function to catch the link clicks. To do this we need to add a new function, copy the content below to the WebBrowserTutorialAppDelegate.m file:
1797
1798 - (BOOL)webView:(UIWebView*)webView shouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest*)request navigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType {
1799     NSURL *url = request.URL;
1800     NSString *urlString = url.absoluteString;
1801     NSLog(urlString);
1802     return YES;
1803 }
1804 This function will catch all requests and allow you to either manipulate them and pass them on or to perform your own custom action and stop the event from bubbling.
1805
1806 The first line gets the URL of the request, this is the contents inside the href attribute in the anchor tag.
1807 The next line converts the URL to a string so we can log it out. You can access many parts of the NSURL, here are some of them and brief description of what they do.
1808
1809 * absoluteString - An absolute string for the URL. Creating by resolving the receiver’s string against its base.
1810 * absoluteURL - An absolute URL that refers to the same resource as the receiver. If the receiver is already absolute, returns self.
1811 * baseURL - The base URL of the receiver. If the receiver is an absolute URL, returns nil.
1812 * host - The host of the URL.
1813 * parameterString - The parameter string of the URL.
1814 * password - The password of the URL (i.e. http://user:pass@www.test.com would return pass)
1815 * path - Returns the path of a URL.
1816 * port - The port number of the URL.
1817 * query - The query string of the URL.
1818 * relativePath - The relative path of the URL without resolving against the base URL. If the receiver is an absolute URL, this method returns the same value as path.
1819 * relativeString - string representation of the relative portion of the URL. If the receiver is an absolute URL this method returns the same value as absoluteString.
1820 * scheme - The resource specifier of the URL (i.e. http, https, file, ftp, etc).
1821 * user - The user portion of the URL.
1822
1823 Then the third line simply logs the URL to the console, so you will new to open up the console while you run this in the simulator to see the results.
1824
1825 Finally the forth line returns YES, this will allow the UIWebView to follow the link, if you would just like to catch a link and stop the UIWebView from following it then simply return NO.
1826
1827 UIBUtton title image 不能同时显示
1828
1829 [ leftbutton setTitle:_(@"About") forState:UIControlStateNormal ];
1830
1831
1832 [ leftbutton setImage:image forState:UIControlStateNormal ];
1833
1834 不能同时显示。
1835
1836 其他控件如:UINavigatonItem
1837
1838 不要在语言包里面设置空格
1839 有时,为了界面的需要,我们不要在语言包里面加空格,要在程序中进行控制。
1840 buttonTitle = [ NSString stringWithFormat:@"        %@", _(@"updateWeb") ];
1841
1842 NSNotificationCenter 带参数发送
1843
1844 MPMoviePlayerController* theMovie = [[MPMoviePlayerController alloc]initWithContentURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:[[[tableTitles objectForKey:keyIndex] objectAtIndex:row] objectAtIndex:3] ]];
1845
1846 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(myMovieFinishedCallback:) name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];
1847
1848 [theMovie play];
1849
1850 -(void)myMovieFinishedCallback:(NSNotification*)aNotification
1851
1852 {
1853
1854      MPMoviePlayerController *theMovie = [aNotification object];
1855
1856    [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self           name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];
1857
1858    // Release the movie instance [theMovie release];
1859
1860 }
1861
1862 ------------
1863
1864 MPMoviePlayerController* theMovie = [[MPMoviePlayerController alloc]initWithContentURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:[[[tableTitles objectForKey:keyIndex] objectAtIndex:row] objectAtIndex:3] ]];
1865
1866 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(myMovieFinishedCallback:) name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie userInfo:dic];
1867
1868 [theMovie play];
1869
1870 -(void)myMovieFinishedCallback:(NSNotification*)aNotification
1871
1872 {
1873
1874 MPMoviePlayerController *theMovie = [aNotification object];
1875
1876 [[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] removeObserver:self name:MPMoviePlayerPlaybackDidFinishNotification object:theMovie];
1877
1878 // Release the movie instance [theMovie release];
1879
1880 }
1881
1882 延时一段时间执行某一函数
1883
1884 [self performSelector:@selector(dismissModal) withObject:self afterDelay:1.0];
1885
1886 无99美金证书联机开发
1887 第一步:进入 cd /Developer/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/SDKs/iPhoneOS4.1.sdk/ sudo vi SDKSettings.plist,将CODE_SIGNING_REQUIRED的值改成NO. 保存后退出.
1888
1889 第二步:重新启动XCode项目.
1890
1891 第三步:右击项目GetInfo.将Code Signing下的Code Signing Identity值设置成Don't Code Sign, 将Code Signing Identity下的Any iOS Device的值设置成空.
1892
1893 获取IOS设备的基本信息
1894 系统唯一标识
1895 是什么设备:iPad还是iPhone等
1896 iOS版本号
1897 系统名称
1898
1899 [[UIDevice currentDevice] uniqueIdentifier],
1900                        [[UIDevice currentDevice] localizedModel],
1901                        [[UIDevice currentDevice] systemVersion],
1902                        [[UIDevice currentDevice] systemName],
1903                        [[UIDevice currentDevice] model]];
1904
1905 用NSDateFormatter调整时间格式的代码
1906
1907 在开发iOS程序时,有时候需要将时间格式调整成自己希望的格式,这个时候我们可以用NSDateFormatter类来处理。
1908 例如:
1909
1910 //实例化一个NSDateFormatter对象
1911
1912 NSDateFormatter *dateFormatter = [[NSDateFormatter alloc] init];
1913
1914 //设定时间格式,这里可以设置成自己需要的格式
1915
1916 [dateFormatter setDateFormat:@"yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"];
1917
1918 //用[NSDate date]可以获取系统当前时间
1919
1920 NSString *currentDateStr = [dateFormatter stringFromDate:[NSDate date]];
1921
1922 //输出格式为:2010-10-27 10:22:13
1923
1924 NSLog(@”%@”,currentDateStr);
1925
1926 //alloc后对不使用的对象别忘了release
1927
1928 [dateFormatter release];
1929
1930 UIView设置成圆角方法
1931
1932 m_mainImgView.layer.cornerRadius = 6;
1933 m_mainImgView.layer.masksToBounds = YES;
1934
1935 iPhone里的frame和bounds区别
1936
1937
1938
1939 Objective-C内存管理
1940
1941 在使用Objective-C的工作中内存管理是首先要学会的一项技能,是如此重要,就好比是男人就要追漂亮姑娘一样~~下面就来聊聊Apple官网上的内存管理的事情。
1942
1943 Objective-C的对象内存管理是一件非常有意思的事情,由其是在iPhone嵌入式设备中.
1944
1945 想玩的省心点,就得熟知它的管理规则,由其是内存的管理机制。了解它的品性了才能在Cocoa的世界里如鱼得水。否则,反之(如水得鱼!!^_^)。
1946
1947 首先,要牢记Apple的官网上的内存管理三定律:
1948
1949 1,一个对象可以有一个或多个拥有者
1950
1951 2,当它一个拥有都都没有时,它就会被回收
1952
1953 3,如果想保留一个对象不被回收,你就必需成为它的拥有者
1954
1955
1956 所有内存管理的原则全在这里!!
1957
1958 简单??哈哈!
1959
1960 名人曰:“大道至简”
1961
1962 这儿玩意儿说起来比过家家还容易,但其实有些事情真正做起来并不是简单的事儿~~
1963
1964 咱们首先来说怎么样才能成为一个对象的拥有者。Cocoa提供了一个机制叫"reference counting",翻译过来就是“关联记数器”(自己翻译的,真不知叫啥,如果有官方的翻译请通知我)。每一个对象都有一个关联记数的值。当它被创建时,它的值为“1”。当值减少到“0”时,就会被回收(调用它的deallocate方法,如果没有写,则调用从NSObject继承而来的回收方法,下文有说,一定要重写该方法)。以下几个方法可以操作这个记数:
1965
1966 1,alloc
1967    为对象分配内存,记数设为“1”,并返回此对象。
1968
1969 2,copy
1970    复制一个对象,此对象记数为“1”,返回此对象。你将成为此克隆对象的拥有者
1971
1972 3,retain
1973    对象“关联记数”加“1”,并成为此对象的拥有者。
1974
1975 4,release
1976    对象“关联记数”减“1”,并丢掉此对象。
1977
1978 5,autorelease
1979
1980    在未来的某一时刻,对象“关联记数”减“1”。并在未来的某个时间放弃此对象。
1981
1982 有了上面的几个方法(当然这也是所有的内存操作的方法,简单吧,哈哈哈)你就可以随意操作一个对象的记数。并部分或完全的控制它的生命周期。但实际应用中,随意乱写上面的任何一个方法都可能会带来严重的内存泄露。混乱的内存分配等于没完没了的麻烦工作,你不想在情人节的日子还在为记数之类的鸟问题而丢了老婆吧~~哈哈哈,为了美丽温柔贤惠又善解人意的准老婆请牢记以下四条:
1983
1984 1,一个代码块内要确保copy, alloc 和 retain 的使用数量与 release 和 autorelease 的数量。
1985
1986 2,在使用以“alloc”或“new”开头或包含“copy”的方法,或“retain”一个对象时,你就会变为它的拥有者。
1987
1988 3,实现“dealloc”方法,并施放所有的实例变量。(其实这里还有很多的巧儿门!!)
1989
1990 4,永不自己调用“dealloc”方法,这是系统当“retain”减到“0”时,自动调用的。手动调用会引起retain count记数错误(多一次的release)。
1991
1992 其实做到这些也不难,
1993
1994 retain count 增加与减少的方法对应,板丁板做到了就行了。
1995
1996 来自:http://blog.csdn.net/dboylx/archive/2009/02/13/3888746.aspx
1997
1998 iphone更改键盘右下角按键的type
1999
2000 以UISearchBar为例。
2001
2002
2003 创建mySearchBar:
2004
2005 mySearchBar = [[UISearchBar alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0.0, 0,320, SEARCH_HEIGHT)];
2006 mySearchBar.placeholder = curPath;
2007 [mySearchBar setDelegate:self];
2008 //tableView.tableHeaderView =mySearchBar;
2009 [self.view addSubview:mySearchBar];
2010
2011
2012 更改按键的keyType(默认是return,这里将它更改成done,当然还可以更改成其他的):
2013 UITextField *searchField = [[mySearchBar subviews] lastObject];
2014 [searchField setReturnKeyType:UIReturnKeyDone];
2015 [mySearchBar release];
时间: 2013-08-01
Tags: ios, url, void, view

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